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Evidence against the link with Xiongnu====

The Huns practiced artificial cranial deformation, while there is no evidence of such practice among the Xiongnu.[1] Artificial cranial deformation of the circular type can be used to trace the route that the Huns took from north China to the Central Asian steppes and subsequently to the southern Russian steppes.[2][3] The people who practiced artificial cranial deformation in Central Asia were Yuezhi/Kushans.[4][5] Yury Zuev and Edwin G. Pulleyblank identify Utigurs, a successor tribe of European Huns, as one of the tribes of the Yuezhi : "the Utigurs of Menandr are Uti, and the word Uti was a real proto-type of a transcription Yuezhi < Uechji < ngiwat-tie < uti".[6][7] The taxonomic analysis of the artificially deformed crania from 5th–6th Century AD (Hun-Germanic Period) found in Northeastern Hungary showed that none of them have any Mongoloid features and all the skulls belong to the Europid "great race".[8]

Otto Maenchen-Helfen questioned the lack of anthropological and ethnographic proximity between European Huns and Xiongnu. [9] E. A. Thompson in his monograph on the Huns also denies the continuity of European Huns with the Xiongnu.[10]

Origin of Bulgars and Huns[кодне тӳрлет]

Origin of Huns (Bulgars): in English : http://hunnobulgars.blogspot.bg/

  1. ^ Maenchen-Helfen, Otto (1944–1945). The Legend of the Origin of the Huns. Byzantion 17. pp. 244–251
  2. ^ Tracing Huns from East to West, L.T. Yablonsky, Cranial vault modification and foreign expansion
  3. ^ Khodjaiov 1966; Ginzburg & Trofimova 1972; Tur 1996
  4. ^ The Huns, Rome and the Birth of Europe, Hyun Jin Kim,page 33
  5. ^ http://www.dandebat.dk/eng-dan11.htm
  6. ^ Pulleyblank, 1966, p. 18
  7. ^ Yu. A. Zuev, EARLY TURKS: ESSAYS on HISTORY and IDEOLOGY, p.38 and p.62
  8. ^ Artificially Deformed Crania From the Hun-Germanic Period (5th–6th Century AD) in Northeastern Hungary, Mónika Molnár, M.S.; István János, Ph.D.; László Szűcs, M.S.; László Szathmáry, C.Sc., http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/823134_4
  9. ^ Otto Maenchen-Helfen, The Huns and Hsiung-nu. Vol. 22.; The legend of origin of the Huns. Vol 22; Byzantion, 1945
  10. ^ https://books.google.bg/books?id=k3-yZXnhtZgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Thompson+Huns&hl=bg&sa=X&ei=6wY2T7zPF4bJswbiqvmsDA#v=onepage&q=Thompson%20Huns&f=false